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 „ Csángó Hungarian Action  Plan” – 2010


 working out the „ How on Csángó Hungarian Action Plan”  was the title of the János Incze Petrás days in Klézse and the meetings and aims in 2009 – 2010.



 I . The Csángó Council


  1. Those present on the meeting founded the all Moldovian Hungarian Organization, institutions, common agreement council, the Csángó council, in the name of mutual respect and working together. Those organizations which were not present, are more than welcomed to join us.
  2. We propose to the Hungarian Parliament the recognition of the Moldovian Csángó people: to consider the Moldovian Hungarians as part of the Hungarian nation.
  3. In the spirit of the above mentioned, we made the following proposal:


 II. Culture, religion

1.      We demand a permanent Hungarian spiritual presence in Moldova.

2.      To arise the interest towards the Hungarian religious songs, Hungarian prayings, to prepare the Csángó inhabitants for receiving the Hungarian service. Singing groups and praying groups must be founded in the Csángó villages.

3.      It must be continued the so called „ home” Hungarian services with the help of the enthusiastic Transylvanian or young priests from Moldova that went away , and with the help of the priests in Transylvania and Hungary. Before the service it is important to teach the Hungarian service language and liturgy.

4.      We advise the Hungarian teachers in Moldova that they ought to take part in these services from politeness, good –willing, or feeling from their heart, in order that the villagers should accept them in their community.In the 1950s, the teachers sent by the Hungarian People Organization in Moldova, were not taking into serious this aspect, so some people succeed to turn the villages against them.

5.      We need Hungarian cultural programmes in the villages. Drama groups, puppet shows for the little ones, choirs are needed in holidays. To organise the Csángó people’s spare time is very important. The Szeret – Klézse Foundation takes responsability in organizing this through volunteers in Moldova.

6.      The introduction of the bilingual Hungarian – Romanian services and peaceful living with the Romanians.


III . Education


 1 . The Szeret – Klézse Foundation feels very important the stopping the assimilation by founding Hungarian nurseries with qualified nursery school teachers. For this purpose, the foundation wants to start a private nursery this year. We ask all the good – willing persons to help us. We also encourage other villages to start a private nursery in their villages.

2 . Improving the quality of education.

3. We found it useful, if  the Csángó child receives a two-year Hungarian teaching out of school, one will ask the Hungarian teaching in the Romanian educational system, also.

4. The issueing of the I, II, III, workbooks by the Szeret – Klézse Foundation.



IV. Media


  1. The came into being of a Hungarian Radio station, an idea in the past, delayed for financial problems. The Csángó Hungarians have to fight not only with the assimilation, but also with the globalization. This is why the mass- media is very important.
  2. In Moldova it is needed a weekly commercial and new newspaper, that is addressed to the Csángó people. This will not exclude the Moldovian Hungarians newspaper.
  3. Founding the Csángó mass – media requires both Hungarian and Romanian governments’ help.


V. Economy


1.      The Szeret – Klézse Foundation asks all the Hungarian and Transylvanian businessmen to help the Csángó businessmen to write applications. We are grateful for all the help in this matter. We are waiting for the help of the civil organizations.

2.       We also asked the above mentioned businessmen to help the locals with advices, experiences.

3.       We advise them to know the kind of businesses already functioning in the region and actually to work together.


 Initiating Organizations



1.      Romanian Hungarian Teachers Organizations

2.      Pál Péter Domokos Foundation

3.      Szent István Association

4.      Demeter Lakatos Association

5.      Szeret – Klézse foundation

6.      The Csángó Hungarian discussion list handler, as adviser

7.      Ágoston Palkó, priest, as adviser

8.      László Szegő, godfather, sponsor

9.      Csaba Soos, businessman, sponsor

10.  Phoenix Cultural Association from Forrófalva

11.   The Csángó Radio from Csíkfalu

12.   The János Kriza Association with the help of Vilmos Tánczos.


Others, that joined us, agreeing the Csángó Action Plan

13 . Székelyföld editorial office, Moldovian Hungarians newspaper, ( István S. Ferencz)

14. Antal Csicsó, the Csángó ABC founder and editor

 15 . Csángó Coordination Office ( Tibor Bogdán)


 There were also present:

  1. Minority secretary in Bucharest.
  2. A teacher from the MCSMSZ ( The Csángó Hungarians Association from Moldova) educational programm, as acivil person ( in 2009 )
  3.  Csángó farmers.
  4. Three teachers from the MCSMSZ educational programme, as observers ( they were not joining the Csángó Action Plan, because they appear at the end of the meeting as civil persons.) In 2010 they joined the Csángó Action Plan and they agreed with it.



Some themes sent for the meeting


  1. On the behalf of the János Kriza Association, dr. Ferenc Pozsony’s writing was read by Gergely Csoma on the meeting in Klézse and on the meeting „ How on Csángó Action Plan”
  2. The teacher on the Babes – Bolyai University, the Csángó specialist, dr. Vilmos Tánczos’s writing, was read by Erzsébet Borbáth, retired school director, in 2009. ( in 2010, Vilmos Tánczos was present.)

In 2008, 2009, 2010 in the Saint Francisc church in Klézse, they mentioned the Incze Petrás Days and the preparations for the commemoration. ( This was done in Romanian. It was held a Requiem in the honour and memory of János Incze Petrás who was a priest in Klézse.)





 Csángó Hungarian Action Plan 2000


For founding the action plan, a meeting was held on 3-5 November 2000 in the Csángó community house in Klézse. The members were:

 András Bartha: MCSMSZ president

 Szilvia Róka: MCSMSZ vice president

 Ilona Nistor: MCSMSZ responsable for culture

 Mihály Nistor: MCSMSZ member, Pusztina

 Valentin Ghiurca: MCSMSZ member Külsőrekecsin

 Mária Szarka: MCSMSZ member, Külsőrekecsin

 Jenő Bilibók: MCSMSZ public relations manager

 János Farkas: Via Spei president

 Krisztián Pál: Via Spei vice president

 András Duma: President of the Szeret – Klézse foundation

 Attila Hegyeli: member of the Szeret – Klézse Foundation

 Melinda Bogdán: Hungarian teacher in Klézse

 Mihály Kotis: Szeret – Klézse Foundation , member

 Erzsébet Borbáth: Péter Pál Domokos Foundation, vicepresident

 András Deáky: school director from Gyímesbükk

 István Gergely: priest from Csíksomlyó

 Lajos Berszán: school director of the Árpádházi Szent Erzsébet school

 Zsolt Szilágyi: parliament representative , RMDSZ

 Attila Sántha: writer, editor

 Kálmán Tibor Dáné: EMKE secretary, RMDSZ Kolozsvár

 István Ferenczes: the main editor of the Székelyföld and Moldvai Magyarság, the honorary member of the Péter Pál Domokos Foundation, poet

 Ferenc Pozsony: university folklore teacher in Kolozsvár, specialist

 Vilmos Tánczos: university folklore teacher in Kolozsvár, specialist



 The working groups agreed with a certain action plan, the members and the sponsors could follow it. The first idea that we agreed, was that the Csángó situation can be solved only from Moldova, so our institutions must work there. We also agreed, that we consider ourselves as part of the Hungarian nation, and we are waiting for the Hungarian’s help from the inside of the Carphatians.

 We ask our sponsors with respect, to support us in the work, or when they are making a decision, to take into account the above mentioned action plan.



 The working groups worked out the action plan according to the following themes, which are part of a whole conception.


 I . The functioning of the civil associations

 II. Building up an information network

 III. Education

 IV. Programmes

 V. Economy

 VI. Church

 VII. Settling down abroad, settlements



I.                    The functioning of the civil associations



 There are three civil associations now in Moldova.

  1. Moldvai Csángómagyarok Szövetsége : The Csángó Hungarians Association from Moldova, was founde ten years ago in Sepsiszentgyörgy. There are more than 200 members in different villages in Moldova. In Pusztina and Klézse they have separate branches of the association. The members are from the following villages: Trunk, Lujzikalagor, Forrófalva, Gyoszén, Frumósza, Nagypatak, Lészped, Magyarfalu, Szabófalva, Küklsőrekecsin, Szerbek, Somoska, Csík, Bogdánfalva, Újfalu.

We will take in some new members, if we have proper structures and staff, this will happen soon. The MCSMSZ will protect as an umbrella, and will coordinate the other associations’ works and partnerships. We ask all, not to make any decision in main problems regarding the Csángó people without asking the mentioned association.


  1. The Via Spei Csángó Youth Organization, mentioned further as Via Spei. Founded in 1999 with the union of the Csángó Hungarian youths from Moldova. There are more than 150 members. The Organization takes responsibility in education the youth with responsability towards the Csángó community. The organization is the key for the future, the members are those young people, who are undertaking their Hungarian nationality, and give new members to the MCSMSZ. Their residence is in Bákó and they have separate branches in Klézse, Forrófalva, Pusztina and Újfalu.



  1. The Szeret – Klézse Foundation

It was founded in 1999. It has a community house, and two specialized teachers started their work here. The activity of the foundation and the community house can be a model for the others. With its continuous functioning it is a model for the other Csángó communities, and can help in founding a multifunctional telehouse in the Csángó villages in Moldova.( serving educational, cultural and economiocal aims) It is about to found an enterprise inside the Foundation. ( see the first pharagraphs at the economy theme)



 All the three civil organizations proved their necessity, showing the Csángó situation as a theme and monitoring it before the Romanian and international public opinion, keepin in touch with the mother country and international organizations, having some educational achievements, the strenghten of the local organizations, organizing programmes, etc.

 We all agreed in that, that we must assure the working conditions of the above mentioned civil organizations, without this any action plan is useless.

 The Organization’s actual leaders ( for the first time it is lead by a well- educated learned group of youths) are the guarantee for that in case of a strong help, they will be capable of putting into practice the action plan, gaining the trust of the members and sponsors. In the past ten years, lots of learned Csángó youth came back in their villages, and they are taking part in the organization, but without support they can’t fulfill their tasks, and representing the community. We demand from the Romanian authorities, to consider us Hungarian minority, and to give us all the rights that the minorities can have. We also ask from the RMDSZ ( Romanian Hungarians Democratic Association) to represent all our rights in the Romanian political life. We demand from the leadership of the RMDSZ, that considering the Csángó Hungarians proposal, to name one person responsable for coordinating the Csángó case. But we ask them not to make decisions without asking the Csángó organizations. In the partnership with other political parties we consider a condition for collaboration the support of the Csángó case. We ask from our politicians, to collaborate only with those parties, who are willing to drop their assimilating policy. According to the above mentioned, the Csángó Hungarians are not a specific nation. In this matter we consider the RMDSZ our party, too representing the Csángó people.

 We ask the EMKE leaders, to support our Organization to keep in touch with other Hungarian civil organizations in the country, with cultural organizations in Transylvania, and with other institutions from abroad, who wants to help.

 We also ask the Hungarian authorities to help our action plan to reach its aims. WE propose, when they are chosing a Csángó representative or adviser, they should ask the local Csángó organizations from Moldova, too.


 For the functioning of the Organizations, it is necessary.

 MCSMSZ assuring a proper office and infrastructure in Bákó – the support of the functioning costs for a year  (of the office) in the matter of staff, we definitely need: a president or leader, a vicepresident, an accountant, secretary, public relations manager and a solicitor. From the above mentioned, three must work permanently, the other three can be asked according to an agreement ( the accountant and the solicitor can work in two organizations simultaneously), the MCSMSZ registers must be put in order with the working out of an administrative network.



Via Spei : assuring a proper office and infrastructure in Bákó ( together with the MCSMSZ’ s office) the support of the functioning costs for a year ( of the office), in the matter of the staff , we definitely need a leadre, manager and vice president in one person, accountant, secretary and solicitor. From the above mentioned, one must work permanently, the other two asked according to an agreement ( the accountant and the solicitor can work in both of the mentioned organizations.)


 The Szeret –Klézse Foundation : assuring the good working of the community house in Klézse, the finishing of the building works, ( the employing of other two teachers, an office worker and a night-watchman), assuring a proper infrastructure, the financial support of the existing activities and services.



II.                 Founding an informational network


There is no informational network among the Moldovian Csángó villages, that will make possible spreading our news, making our activities popular, and to inform our members. According to the above mentioned, we racommand:


II. 1 : Founding a radio station: we must find those technical, legal, and financial possibilities that will permit that all the Csángó villages can listen to the radio properly. ( for this, Jenő Bilibók must make a plan till the 1st of January, 2001)

II.2. We ask the Duna Television, the Hungarian television, and the Romanian tv’s Hungarian programmes to inform the nation about the Csángó’s lives time-to-time. In this matter, the MCSMSZ vill help.

II .3: Written information: there are three newspapers dealing with the Csángó Hungarians in Moldova ( the writings are about them and for them) : Moldovian Hungarians in Csíkszereda, We, from ourselves in Klézse, Via Spei Press in Bákó. But even with this three newspapers, we could not assure the readers with proper informations in Hungarian. We must found through MCSMSZ a person ( Jenő Bilibók) collecting and handling the news. We publish a Csángó Gazette that will be sent to the members. The Moldovian Hungarians  will remain a newspaper, the We, from ourselves, will remain a local newspaper in Klézse, and the Via Spei Press will remain a youth agenda. If we will publish a new newspaper, we are planning to do it bilingual.

II .4 : We must found a homepage, and the MCSMSZ will collect and spread news from the websites. In this way we can represent the Moldovian Hungarian case to the international public opinion. We will put the three newspapers on the internet, too. For making a homepage, we need refreshing the infrastructure and to get a new person who can handle the informations.

II 5: We must found telehouses with proper infrastructure to serve the people with informations.



III.               Education


 In the past ten years, the teaching in Hungarian the Moldovian Hungarian children had one realistic way, they learned in Transylvanian or Hungarian schools in Hungary. There had been good ideas and willingness in this matter, trying to answer the demands, but their success was minimal, because of their efficiency. This form of education must be replaced by quality education with qualified teachers.


 The Transylvanian educational programme had its aim to educate a Csángó learned strata in the society, but because of the lack of the educational policy and planning, the aims are half fulfilled.

 In the lack of preparing and selecting the Csángó children for learning in Transylvanian and Hungarian schools, arose different problems in fitting in the new cultural enviroument and they remained behind comparing with the other children. The experiences throughout the years showed that such education arose psycho- pedagogical problems that could be hardly solved.

 In tha Attila József Primary School in Csíkszereda, the lack of supporting the teachers, between 1990 – 2000 they could only teach 171 Csángó children from Moldova. But also, with this lack, they managed to teach some youths, who became qualified in one field or other and they strenghten the Csángó communities and started themselves to teach Hungarian, coming back home in their native village. Though, this form of education can’t be considered a good solution.

 After the teaching of the Csángó children ended in Csíkszereda, a new school opened in 1999 in Gyímesfelsőlok but without consulting or taking into account the former experiances in the school in Csykszereda. We think, that there is no need for a huge teaching centre neither in Gyímesfelsőlok, nor in other places. But for the pupils attending that school, we must assure the quality teaching, making the school more open through programmes to make them compatitive comparing with the others, encourage them, to go to universities or find a job proper to their knowledge.

 It is not proper to send the Csángó child in a primary or secondary school without preparing him or her for this change. We advise the Gyímesfelsőlok school to make a training year for those children that are coming from villages without former Hungarian teaching. Younger than 12 years old children must not be taken from the family. We think that teaching the mother tongue has many forms and modalities in the Moldovian Csángó villages.

 There are 2 main forms:

  1. The first way is, that representing the parents’ requests to try to introduce Hungarian lessons inside the school in that certain village.
  2.  The other alternative can be the private teaching. We have to found such telehouses that will protect the teaching activities outside the school. The experiances in this matter in Klézse shows the rightfulness and usefulness of such houses.

 There are severe demands for such houses in: Pusztina, Külsőrekecsin, Forrófalva, Lészped, Somoska, Magyarfalu, Gyoszén, Lujzikalagor. In some of the villages there are specialised teachers and the parents demands the Hungarian lessons.




 The teaching of Hungarian language will be more popular, the pre-teaching of the children will be possible, the selection of the children going in schools in Transylvania can be done, and from a psychological- pedagogical point of view it is more favourable, it strenghtens the link between the person and the native village. For the little ones it is very important to stay in the family, so in this form it is offered. The costs will be much more lower and we can use the given materials in an adequate form.

 For example: the teaching costs of 70 children in Transylvania covers the costs of more than 1000 children in the local telehouses, and with the children staying in their village, thy don’t have to pay for accomodation or food.

 After they get a pre-education the chiuldren can freely chose from schools according to their needs. In these telehouses we have to give the possibility for employing learned people to teach the children, and helping them in making decisions. ( We are thinking about the Csángó students returning in their native village).

 For those, who are chosing a school in Transylvania after the pre-school teaching, we have to support them materially and pedagogically. For this we ask the Pál Péter Domokos Foundation to support us further on, and we ask their sponsors to help the foundation in its work.



IV.              Programmes


The working group decided, that in different parts of Transylvania would organize in the same day every year programmes titled the Csángó days. Our aim is to make the Transylvanian Hungarians to know more about the Csángó Hungarians, to know each other better, and help each other more often.

 There are advantages if these programmes are held in Moldova. We consider it useful to have such open days, and invite the local mayor, the priests, to take part on such days, in organizing and representing, too. People can get more informations on such days, through leaflets, xerox copies, advices.

 It is also important to have regular meetings where they can change their experiences, and to improve this region economically, and in the matter of education and culture. In the telehouses it is urgent to organize the education of the adults, too.

Another importance has the organizing of the transpot of the people during the pilgrimage in Somlyó.



V.                 Economy

 The working group wants to support the economical plannes through modalities, ways as following:


V1. Basic principles and aims.


We have to assure for the Moldovian Csángó Hungarians possibilities in getting a job, earning their living in the native village or around.

We have to stop the impoverishment.

We have to found positive motivations to keep their faith and identity as Hungarians.

Supporting the dissimilation, those assimilated might come back to be Hungarians again.

We need qualified peoples in many fields.

We must help the forming of the social reputationinside the Csángó people.

We must support the local communities in strenghtening the tollerance.


              V.2. Assets


Supporting the foundation of small businesses and family businesses, or strenghten the already existing ones.

Supporting the businesses that are behind the social organizations.

Bringing some capital from abroad in this region.

 Partnerships based on economical help between the mayors and the local authorities.

Founding local services according to the demands.

Planning the economical advice office, farmers union, writing or helping in writing of some applications.

Training for agood qualification, or training of those already qualified.



VI.              3. Concrete ideas

In Klézse:

 Inside the foundation, the company will have the following branches: joiner’s shop, bakery, agricultural machine park, supporting the local craftsmen, job-finding centre, village tourism, post service.

For concrete plans are responsable: Attila Hegyeli, András Duma, Mihály Kotis.

Deadline: 1st of December 2000

Finding local businessmen, and supporting them.

Responsable: András Duma, Mihály Kotis, Attila Hegyeli.

Deadline: 1st of January 2001 

In Pusztina:

Plank-cutting workshop, developing a joiner’s shop.

Responsable: András Bartha

Deadline:1st of January 2001

Bakery, mill, diary industry, wool preparing industry.

Responsable: Mihály Nyisztor

Deadline: 1st of January 2001

Founding a travelling company ( Pusztina- Bákó, Pusztina-Moinesti, Pusztina-Budapest)

Responsable: András Bartha, Mihály Nyisztor.

In Gyímesbükk

Founding a tourism centre

Responsable: András Deáky

In Trunk

Mushroom cultures

Responsable: Szilvia Róka

Deadline: 1st of January 2001 

It is also important to see the economical possibilities, to find contact persons in jobs like: mechanic, blacksmith’s, internet café, breeding animals, mainly pigs, supporting the local craftsmen, find and protect authentical music etc.

The responsables agreed that they will make a plan keeping the deadlines, and then discussing it together. For this they need the help of qualified people.

 VI Church

We ask from the representatives of the church to be very open and help our work. We are still asking from the bishop in Iasi the alternative Hungarian service. For support, we will collect signitures from our communities. Because the Roman Catholic church had and still has an important role in the Hungarians’ lives and in their struggle for surviving, we ask our honourable bishops to raise their voices to protect the Csángó case.

 VII . Settling down abroad, settlements

 We want to make such a plan through which we would like to reduce and stop the migration.But for this we need some development in all the mentioned fields: economy, education, culture, etc.

Through this we can reduce the poorness in the Csángó villages. We have to support materially, morally, politically those Csángó youths coming back home, who want to start a business, or want to improve their village in a way or other. For those Csángó families, that decide to settle down abroad, we want to assure an enviroument where they can live without conflicts because their identity, keeping their Hungarian culture, with the help of the MCSMSZ, making the nation strong to which they belong.